Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Suicide as an Ideation, Gestures or Threats - Essay Example Accordingly, one of the most common psychiatric disorders associated with suicide is major depression (Gliatto & Ria, 1999) and suicide among the elderly is likely to happen in the context of a depressive episode. Depression is identified as one of the most powerful independent risk factor associated with suicide in old age (Connor et. al., 2011) and is known to increase the risk of suicide by 15 to 20 times (Hawton, 2009). Furthermore, it has been found that depression rates are higher among women than in men, which is congruous with the case study. Other psychiatric conditions associated with suicide are substance abuse, schizophrenia and psychotic disorders. Research suggests that genetic factors are highly related to a particular person risk for committing suicide. According to Reiss and Dombeck (2007), The offspring of individuals who have attempted and completed suicides have an increased likelihood to commit the same behavior themselves. Therefore, suicide Ã¢â¬Å"runsÃ¢â¬ in the family. In addition, it has been found that dysregulation of the Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) axis (mechanism responsible for coping with stresses over time) can develop following traumatic events or chronic stress, and has been linked to severe depression and suicidal behavior (Reiss & Dombeck, 2007). This supports the large body of evidence that dysfunctional neurotrophic signaling might be involved in the pathophysiology of suicidal behavior. The prevalence of illnesses later in life contributes to the common assumption that the occurrence of physical ailments plays a significant role in suicide risk later in life. According to Hawton and Heeringen (2009), poor physical health and disabilities are associated with suicides. Suicide is consistently associated with social factors and age-related life events especially among the elderly. Lack of supportive social network and religious participation as well as family disputes, low level of education, financial difficulties and sense of loneliness greatly increases the risk for suicide (Connor, et. al 2011).
Friday, January 31, 2020
Models of Segregation - Essay Example That is, he observes the happenings in the human habitations and forms an idea about it, in his mind. And from the mind only, the idea flows out and transcribes into the written script. And, this paper will review one of the written scripts of Thomas C. Schelling called Model of Segregation. The main thesis of the paper as the title itself suggests is segregation, or if a simple word is used, separation. Both the words give wide range of meanings, which can be used on various occasions. But, segregation and separation will be normally used or set into motion, when a set of visible and invisible factors push an individual or a group to leave their current locations, where they were minority. That is, these factor, which pushes the individual from his/her place, is the same in most places, with little variation according to the situations. Ã¢â¬Å"There is segregation by sex, age, income, language, color, taste, comparative advantage and the accidents of historical location.Ã¢â¬ (Schelling 488). So, in the first page itself, the author sets the agenda of the paper by concentrating on one of the factors that is causing segregation. According to Schelling, the main issues which cause the movement of individual or groups from one set up to another, through the mode of segregation is the individualÃ¢â¬Ës personal behavior and choices. That is, each person will have a thought process which will be unique to him/her, and which might have got evolved in different settings. So, based mainly on that thought process, an individual will decide his/her racial leanings. But the problem will arise when that individual would form an opinion and, in some cases it could in a discriminatory form. Discriminatory in the sense some individuals would form an opinion and judge other individuals only on the basis of religion, status, education, race etc. This is a very undesirable thing to do and is fraught with danger. The transposition of individuals could not be stopped and the
Thursday, January 23, 2020
The Handmaid's Tale Serena Joy is the most powerful female presence in the hierarchy of Gileadean women; she is the central character in the dystopian novel, signifying the foundation for the Gileadean regime. Atwood uses Serena Joy as a symbol for the present dystopian society, justifying why the society of Gilead arose and how its oppression had infiltrated the lives of unsuspecting people. Atwood individualises the character of Serena Joy, as her high status in the society demands power and the domination over the inferior members of the CommanderÃ¢â¬â¢s household, such as Offred Ã¢â¬â a handmaid. This shows that Serena Joy has a sense of control, using this privilege to become Ã¢â¬Å"a woman who might bend the rulesÃ¢â¬ ; this is similar to the Commander, as Serena Joy is able to associate herself with the black market, for example Ã¢â¬Å"exchanging tradeÃ¢â¬ for relics of the past such as cigarettes. Through the black market, Atwood suggests that Serena Joy is a representation of a society based on a biblical view, thriving to become pure and perfect on the surface, yet the powerful figures that should exemplify obedience to the rules are constantly exploiting their authority. Additionally, the presentation of Serena Joy as a character it made interesting by her contradiction of accepting the new-found Gileadean society; it is plain that she resents the arrangement of having a handmaid in the house keenly as a violation of her marriage; Ã¢â¬Å"My husband. I want that to be clear. Till death do...
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
I-Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Introduction Business strategies were basically developed as weapons in the competition. However, with the rapid change in business environment, competition roles have changed forcing companies to redefine their way in order to compete. With the evolved role of IT, organizations started to think to use IT as a strategic weapon either as a competitive advantage or even as an enabler for growth. However, unfortunately IT solely was not enough to take that role. So, organizations needed to rethink and reinvent new management or business best practices in order to maximize the obtained IT value. As a result, organizations adopted best practices such as IT business alignment to align IT with their business strategic goals in order to survive and succeed in the competition. The aim of this paper is to determine whether an IT strategy focused on maintaining a cutting-edge position is the most effective way to support any kind of overall business strategy or not. The main hypotheses of the research are that (1) IT strategy focused on maintaining a cutting-edge technology position isnÃ¢â¬â¢t enough (or isnÃ¢â¬â¢t the most effective way) to support the overall business strategy because (2) it has to be aligned with the overall business strategy. The paper first of all defines the term Ã¢â¬Å"IT business alignmentÃ¢â¬ , then analyzes the current situation, and finally it ends with a conclusion. II-Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Definitions Before analyzing the current situation, it is necessary to define an important term such as Ã¢â¬Å"IT Business AlignmentÃ¢â¬ . Tapia, R. S. (2006) gives a simple straight-to-the-point definition for the term Ã¢â¬ËIT Business alignmentÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"the problem of matching services offered by IT with the requirements of the businessÃ¢â¬ . (p.1) III-Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Situation Analysis In order to test the research hypotheses or to prove that an IT strategy focused on maintaining a cutting-edge technology position is not the most effective way to support any kind of overall business strategy, this section will analyze the current situation of IT projects and the relationship with their business strategic goals and requirement. 1.Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã IT projects fail to deliver a value Research showed that the gap between IT and business strategic goals still significantly exists. A significant percentage of IT projects fail to deliver a value as shown in figure (1). According to Needmuchwala, A. A., , Ã¢â¬Å"41% of IT projects failed to deliver the expected valueÃ¢â¬ . And he presented another interesting fact such as: Ã¢â¬Å"more than Ã ¼ of IT projects were canceledÃ¢â¬ (p.3) not to mention that Ã¢â¬Å"only 11% of organizations consider technology as a strategic weaponÃ¢â¬ (p.3) Figure (1): Failure types of IT projects (Sample size: 800 IT managers in 8 countries) Source: Dynamic Markets Limited (2007). IT Projects: Experience certainty (cited in Needmuchwala, A. A., . Evolving IT from Ã¢â¬ËRunning the BusinessÃ¢â¬â¢ to Ã¢â¬ËChanging the BusinessÃ¢â¬ ) Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Another survey conducted by Shpilberg, D. & Berez, S. & Puryear, R. & Shah, A. (2007) showed that a hug percentage of IT projects (three-quarters of companies as shown in figure: 2) Ã¢â¬Å"failed to deliver as expected and drifted in the Ã¢â¬Ëmaintenance zoneÃ¢â¬â¢ where IT projects were disconnected from the overall strategic goals and objectivesÃ¢â¬â¢. (p.52) Whereas the 11% companies in the alignment trap shown in this survey even failed to deliver results on time or on budget and spent 13% more than the average and had 14% lower revenue growth.Ã¢â¬ (p.52) Figure (2): IT alignment Survey results (Sample size: more than 500 senior and IT executives worldwide) Source: Shpilberg, D. & Berez, S. & Puryear, R. & Shah, A. (2007). Avoiding the Alignment Trap in Information Technology Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Now, the current situation tells us that IT strategies focused only on maintaining cutting-edge technology position, away from business strategy, are not the effective way to support the overall business strategy. Another way to prove that is to prove that the strategic alignment between IT strategy and business strategy is the effective way to support the overall business strategy and to deliver a business value. 2.Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã IT Business alignment proved to deliver value 2.1 The Need for Strategic Alignment Before mentioning any facts about IT business alignment, Figure (3) shows levels of relationship between IT and business strategy and the value offered in each alignment level. These development stages were suggested by Wyatt-Haines, R. (2007) and are chosen here to explain the necessity of the engagement between IT and business strategy. Facts show that Ã¢â¬Å"many IT functions fail to deliver even at the first basic level Ã¢â¬Ëfollowing the businessÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Wyatt-Haines, R., 2007, p.6) and this is obviously happens when IT simply fails to understand Ã¢â¬Ëbusiness needsÃ¢â¬â¢ or in another word, the basic engagement with business strategy. Figure (3): Levels of Relationship Between IT and Business Strategy Relationship with business IT Development Stages (Levels of Alignment) 1. Following 2. Enabling 3. Leading Goals/Functions of IT in each development stage/ alignment level Reacts to business needs Maximizing valueÃ Ã predicting, resourcing priorities Ã Extremely aligned, a key player in leading thinking and planning Relationship with business strategy Ã Understanding of business needs Understanding of business strategy Understanding of business environment Business Results/Value (Alignment Impact) Delivering value Strategic success Creating strategic opportunities Ã Source: Development Stages (Following-Enabling-Leading) were adopted from: Wyatt-Haines, R. (2007). Leadership Impact Through IT Ã Also, Jahnke, A. (2004) assured that Ã¢â¬Å"the full participation and engagement of the business is the only guarantee to turn IT capabilities into business benefitsÃ¢â¬ . So, the strategic alignment in this case is considered to be a necessity not a luxury. Now, after realizing the fact that IT alignment is a necessity to obtain a business value, itÃ¢â¬â¢s time to analyze the IT business alignment current situation. First of all, research findings showed that Ã¢â¬Å"management practices such as strategic alignment contributes to higher levels of IT business valueÃ¢â¬ . (Tallon, P. P. & Kraemer, K. L. & Gurbaxani, V., 2001, p.1: Sample size: 304 business executives worldwide). Also, according to CIO update (2004), Ã¢â¬Å"96% of IT executives predict a positive impact of aligning IT strategy with the corporate strategyÃ¢â¬ . (As shown in figure: 4) 2.2 The ROI or the value of the Alignment To make sure that IT business alignment is an effective way to support the business strategy, this section also will focus on the situation of the successfully aligned companies to make sure that the strategic alignment enables companies to obtain a value or ROI. First, Holmes, A. (2007) found these companies who succeeded in aligning IT with the business strategy generated Ã¢â¬Å"a new revenue stream more than twice as often as other companies who said they were not alignedÃ¢â¬ . Figure (4): IT alignment survey results (Impact and Challenges) Source: CIO update (2004). Aligning IT & Business Strategies Still Elusive Also, the survey Ã¢â¬âmentioned before- conducted by Shpilberg, D. & Berez, S. & Puryear, R. & Shah, A. (2007) showed that the successfully highly aligned highly effective companies (7% of respondents as shown in figure 2) Ã¢â¬Å"recorded a compound annual growth rate Ã¢â¬âover three years- 35% higher than the survey averageÃ¢â¬ . (p.53) These companies successfully -as the authors described them- Ã¢â¬Å"have put IT where it belongs Ã¢â¬Ëat the heart of the business processesÃ¢â¬â¢ that define organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s position in business environment or the marketplaceÃ¢â¬ . (p.58) So, IT in these companies didnÃ¢â¬â¢t focus on the cutting-edge technology position but it focused on how to support the business strategic position by aligning IT strategy with the overall business strategy. IV-Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Conclusion Now, after analyzing the current situation of IT projects, it is obvious that an IT strategy focused only on maintaining a cutting-edge technology position is not enough (or not the most effective way) to support any kind of overall business strategy, because facts say that IT disconnected and isolated strategies failed to support business overall strategies and even became a heavy burden on their organizations. On the other hand, aligned IT strategies proved to deliver a value and this value differs and are maximized depending on the engagement level with business strategy. In another word, the first success factor is to strategically align IT with the business goals and requirements meaning to support the business strategic position and not the cutting-edge technology position. Finally Ã¢â¬âupon these findings- the crime Ã¢â¬âas described by Jahnke, A. (2004) is the lack of alignment because Ã¢â¬Å"the lack of alignment represents a waste of money, a waste of effort, and wasted opportunities.Ã¢â¬ References CIO update (2004). Aligning IT & Business Strategies Still Elusive. CIO. Retrieved April 29, 2008 from http://www.cioupdate.com/insights/article.php/3328551 Holmes, A. (2007). The ROI of Alignment. CIO. Retrieved April 29, 2008 from http://www.cio.com/article/27969/The_ROI_of_Alignment/ Jahnke, A. (2004). Why is Business-IT alignment So Difficult?. CIO. Retrieved April 29, 2008 from http://www.cio.com/article/32322 Needmuchwala, A. A. . Evolving IT from Ã¢â¬ËRunning the BusinessÃ¢â¬â¢ to Ã¢â¬ËChanging the BusinessÃ¢â¬ . Retrieved April 29, 2008 from http://www.tcs.com/SiteCollectionDocuments/White%20Papers/DEWP_05.pdf Shpilberg, D. & Berez, S. & Puryear, R. & Shah, A. (2007). Avoiding the Alignment Trap in Information Technology. MIT Sloan Management Review, Fall 2007, 49(1) pp. 51-58. Retrieved April 29, 2008 from http://sloanreview.mit.edu/wsj/insight/pdfs/49102.pdf Tallon, P. P. & Kraemer, K. L. & Gurbaxani, V. (2001). ExecutivesÃ¢â¬â¢ Perceptions of the Business Value of Information Technology: A process-oriented approach. Journal of Management Information Systems, 16(4), 145-174. Retrieved April 23, 2008 from http://repositories.cdlib.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1057&context=crito Tapia, R. S. (2006). A Value-Based Maturity Model for IT Alignment in Networked Businesses, Netherlands. Retrieved April 29, 2008 from http://eprints.eemcs.utwente.nl/2778/01/Subprojectproposal.pdf Wyatt-Haines, R. (2007), Leadership Impact Through IT, Business Leadership Review IV:IV, October 2007. Retrieved April 29, 2008 fromÃ Ã http://mbaguide.mbaworld.com/downloadblrarticle/1047/index.htm
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
Introduction Compensated organ donations Ã¢â¬â one of the most controversial issues we have today. The scarcity of organ donations in America is the main reason there is a sudden diversion of possible source of organs. Beginning with donations of organs from cadaver to living donors, different strategies sprung just to reduce the said shortage; as a result of this quest, sale and paid organs is one of the approaches that gathered too much attention from the public. The controversy of paid organ donations entered the limelight when the state of Wisconsin offered incentives to the living donors. This law, which was created in the year 2004, grants tax deduction and repayment of donation expenses such as travel cost and lost earnings.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Moreover, it also violates human dignity because it treats the organs and human body parts as commodities. Not to mention the fact that such action weakens and demoted altruism. However, the real picture of compensated organ donations i s actually the opposite of Ã¢â¬Å"unethical and self-interestÃ¢â¬ ; it promotes life and therefore regarded as a good and moral deed. Organ DonationÃ¢â¬â¢s Supply and Demand Knowing the rate of supply and demand of organ donation helps in establishing a clear background about the issue. For instance, Monti (2009) explained the reality of supply and demand of kidneys. The supply of this organ coming from deceased and altruistic donors are not enough to support the demand of those individuals who are in need. Approximately there are 73,000 people who wait for kidney donations and 18 of those who are in the wait list will die by tomorrow. Accordingly, the list is being added by 6,000 individuals every year. An individual has to wait for five years before he/she can get an organ donation. The facts and figures presented by Monti shows that there is a big gap between the supply and demand of organ donations . The Center for Bioethics (2004) gave supplementary details on the issue of organ shortage. In their article Ã¢â¬Å"ethics of organ transplantationÃ¢â¬ they said that United Network for Organ Sharing or UNOS keeps a comprehensive figure on the present status of people who need organ transplants and presently there more than
Monday, December 30, 2019
Anorexia nervosa is a harrowing mental illness for those affected by it. Those diagnosed with anorexia experience a relentless fear of weight gain and distorted body image, accompanied by disturbed patterns of eating in order to lose as much weight as possible. These individuals maintain a dangerously low body weight, which can lead to severe health complications. Due to the deadly nature of this mental illness, it is imperative to treat the affected individual as effectively as possible. There is a wide range of treatments available for anorexia, with no single treatment yet identified as the foremost option. Cognitive behavioral therapy is one treatment option that is recommended for patients suffering from anorexia. This method aims toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In order to main a low body weight, they engage in restrictive eating habits. This is known as the restrictive subtype of anorexia nervosa. These individuals follow low calorie diets, eating only Ã¢â¬Å"safeÃ¢â¬ food s that they feel comfortable with, and even fast to compensate for meals. Another way that individuals with the restrictive subtype of anorexia try to maintain a low body weight is through excessive exercise. Individuals affected by the binge-purge subtype of anorexia engage in binge eating and purging behaviors, which involves self-induced vomiting in order to compensate for overeating. These abnormal patterns of eating can lead to devastating physical effects because they are not receiving the adequate nutrition needed to sustain their body. They are severely underweight and their body weight is less than 85% of that expected for their age and height. This leads to numerous physical symptoms such as amenorrhea, growing fine hair all over the body in order to maintain body temperature, loss of bone density, slow heart rate, and premature death (Hobbs Johnson, 1996; Fairburn, 2008; Barbarich-Marsteller, 2012). The cause of anorexia is complex and unclear, but there is evidence to s upport that the illness has a genetic and sociocultural components, and that individuals with anorexia share common personality traits as well. Evidence supports that illness is inheritable and runs in families. AnShow MoreRelatedTreatment For Anorexia Nervos A Comparison Of Cognitive Behavior Therapy And Treatment933 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMaintenance treatment for anorexia nervosa: A comparison of cognitive behavior therapy and treatment as usual. By: Jacqueline C. Carter, Traci L. McFarlane, Carmen Bewell, Marion P. Olmstead, D. Blake Woodside, Allan S. Kaplan, and Ross D. Crosby. This 2009 study was designed to examine the effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy compared to Maintenance Treatment Ã¢â¬Å"as usualÃ¢â¬ in patients with Anorexia Nervosa. The study examined the relapse rate of patients with Anorexia Nervosa after undergoingRead MoreCauses Of Anorexia Nervosa1344 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGiven that anorexia nervosa is associated with high rates of mortality, relapse, suicide, and a diminished quality of life, long-term prognosis does look very tragic, with recovery rates ranging from 25-70% (Guarda, 2008). The extant of anorexia nervosa long-term outcome studies have reported, Ã¢â¬Å"only one-third of individuals (37%) recover within 4 years after disease onset; this figure rises to almost half (47%) by year 10 and to 73% after 10 years post onsetÃ¢â¬ (Zerwas et al., 2013). These statisticsRead MoreEssay on Different Types of Eating Disorders1136 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswell-being. Individuals with these mental illnesses go to extremes when dealing with their weight or food intake. Although it is mostly common in women, men also struggle with an eating disorder, whether its anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or binge eating disorder. Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that is characterized by extreme thinness, which is mostly accomplished by an individual through self-starvation. Bulimia nervosa is another life-threatening disorder where the individual have a constantRead More Psychotherapy for Anorexia Nervosa Essay1432 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPsychotherapy for Anorexia Nervosa What is anorexia? Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that consists of self-regulated food restriction in which the person strives for thinness and also involves distortion of the way the person sees his or her own body. An anorexic person weighs less than 85% of their ideal body weight. The prevalence of eating disorders is between .5-1% of women aged 15-40 and about 1/20 of this number occurs in men. Anorexia affects all aspects of an affected personsRead MoreThe Effects Of Anorexia Nervosa On The Human Body1406 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Effects of Anorexia Nervosa On the Human Body Anorexia is a lack or loss of appetite for food as a medical condition and is also considered an emotional disorder categorized by an obsessive desire to lose weight by refusing to eat. Anorexia is found in all people, male and female of any age and in some cases can be life threatening. The reason Anorexia and all eating disorders in general are important to study is because they are a significant part of society. Eating disorders also hold theRead MoreAnorexia Nervosa (Nutrition and Psychology Related)1638 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesVaratta HED: Nutrition Anorexia nervosa is a life threatening eating disorder defined by a refusal to maintain fifteen percent of a normal body weight through self-starvation (Arnold, page26). Ninety-five percent of anorexics are women between the ages of twelve and eighteen, however, Ãâ¦in the past twenty years, this disorder has become a growing threat to high school and college students (Arnold, page 39). Anorexia produces a multitude of symptoms, and if not treated, anorexia can lead to permanentRead More Anorexia Nervosa Essay1568 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Anorexia nervosa is a life threatening eating disorder defined by a refusal to maintain fifteen percent of a normal body weight through self-starvation (NAMI 1). Ninety-five percent of anorexics are women between the ages of twelve and eighteen, however, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦in the past twenty years, this disorder has become a growing threat to high school and college studentsÃ¢â¬ (Maloney and Kranz 60). Anorexia produces a multitude of symptoms, and if n ot treated, anorexia can lead to permanent physical damage or deathRead MoreA Brief Note On Western Iowa Tech Anorexia Nervosa1069 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Anorexia Nervosa Alma I Puga Western Iowa TechAnorexia Nervosa According to the National Institute of Mental Health, death from starvation, or medical complications, heart attacks or kidney failure, affects 1 out of every 10 cases of Anorexia. Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that is most common in young adolescents girls . People diagnosed with this disorder have a distorted view of themselves and a fear of gaining weight. They often restrict how much food they eat in orderRead MoreAnorexia Nervos A Group Of Eating Disorders1696 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Anorexia nervosa is psychiatric condition that is part of a group of eating disorders. It is associated with abnormally low body weight, extreme fear of gaining weight and a distorted perception of body image. Those with the disorder place a high value on controlling their weight to produce certain image. However, those suffering from the disorder more than likely use extreme efforts that tends to significantly interfere with their health and even normal activities or occupations in their l ivesRead MoreUnderstanding Anorexia Nervosa1008 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAnorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder, with more than 10% of those that suffer from it will die. Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that is categorized by severe food restriction, excessive exercise and body dysmorphia, which leads those that suffer from it to believe that they are overweight. Anorexia nervosa is commonly misunderstood by the general public. Research has disproved many of the previous thoughts about anorexia nervosa. According to the scientific
Saturday, December 21, 2019
Freud and Film Films are probably the closest medium we have to experiencing the inexplicable quality of the dream in our waking lives. Rich in symbol, metaphor, movement and mystery, films, like dreams, enable us to participate in another reality, and, through that participation, to be transformed. Films are like dreams and dreams interpret symbolism in ways science has not even fully discovered yet. The images and symbols within a film are unending and unaccountable. Even the creators of films themselves cannot be aware of the unconscious impact of them all. Imagine the impact of a movie that was full of imagery that only, in its unconscious capacity, complimented the narrative. The film, October, contains an overwhelmingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦If science ever does discover the symbolism behind all the different images which may be used in film and how to use them it will revolutionize the industry and films will become much more deeply impactive and culturally embedded in our day to day lives then they are even today. If Sigmund Freud were alive today and studying film he would argue that mise-en-scene is the most important part of film because of its potential for communication through symbolism. Freud suggests that dreams are a process of wish fulfillment. Freud considred dreams to be a manifestation of the fulfillment of a wish. Taking into account the fact that our dreams often take the form of a story in which we are the protagonist, the totally egotistical nature of dreams, it would make sense for us, as an audience, to identify with the protagonist on screen when we are in a dream enduced state such as in the cinema. When one is in a sleep-like environment, such as the cinema, it is easy to see how through the unconscious process of wish fulfillment one can identify with the characters or lose oneself within a film. This is similar to what we do in our dreams. Through this process of feeling like one is within the story of the film, the imagery and its symbolism become even more pow erful. If the wrong filmmaker has this knowledge and the power to manipulate a great number ofShow MoreRelated HumanitiesÃ¢â¬â¢ Irrational and its Effects on a Utopian Society1690 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe human psyche is divided into rational and irrational drives. Courtesy of Sigmund Freud, it is divided into the id, ego, and super-ego. According to Freud, although the super-ego controls the other two to present ourselves in a rational state within society, the id often tends to be out of complete control by the conscious, making it an unconscious action. For Freud, itÃ¢â¬â¢s the recognition that the irrational is there, that it must be controlled to take over. ManÃ¢â¬â¢s aggressive nature does tend toRead MoreFreud s Worst Nightmare Perfect Sex Dream1021 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesand assumptions on Freud and his relation to modern cinema, memories, and the development of the original horror film. She begins by describing Freud and his obsession with horror. She briefly mention s some of his case histories that entail themes of sexual abuse, hysteria, bestiality, phobias, and perversity, but primarily continues to inform us of his hatred of cinema. Considering Freud was born in 1856, he was just reaching his mid 50Ã¢â¬â¢s when early cinema really took off. Films and movies becameRead MoreEssay on Freuds Concept of the Uncanny1086 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesuncanniness. The psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud endeavored to explain this feeling of uncanniness in his essay entitled Ã¢â¬Å"The UncannyÃ¢â¬ . FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s theory focuses around two different causes for this reaction. Freud attributes the feeling of uncanniness to repressed infantile complexes that have been revived by some impression, or when primitive beliefs that have been surmounted seem once more to be confirmed. The first point of his theory that Freud discusses in the essay is the repressionRead MoreFreuds Theories Applied in Inception1220 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespiece of art there is usually an inspiration of some sort that gave the artist influence on their production. In contemporary society, we often see modern artists use influences from past theories, ideas, designs, etc. Inception, the 2010 sci-fi action film, is a movie about illegal spying by entering the minds of certain individuals by sharing dreams. Dom Cobb and his partner, Arthur, use this tactic to extract or plant desired information from or into their unconscious. Mr. Saito, an exceedingly wealthyRead MoreThe Movie Fight Club By Chuck Palahniuk1083 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSigmund Freud was a highly criticized psychologist, psychoanalyst, prominent philosopher and also a medical doctor. The bulk of is work and theories were done around the early twentieth century. Although this was quite some time ago, many of his findings are still a topic of debate for scholars. Along with some m ore recent theories, much of the fundamental aspects of psychoanalyses can be drawn back to Freudian concepts. Traces of his concepts and ideas can even be seen in other aspects of life,Read MoreMovie Analysis : Fight Club 1423 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesD), is a film about the alienation and search for self of the character known only as the narrator. The males featured within the film all partake in fighting each other in order to assert their masculinity and in turn find that sense of self. The narrator begins the film as an insomniac, but as the film runs on we actually come to see his personality has been fractured by the alienation that he experiences. It becomes evident that the narrator and the majority of males within the film have all sufferedRead MoreVision And The Act Of Looking1527 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Ocular Spectatorship Vision and the act of looking is an important and recurring theme in many horror films. In early gothic literature, such as in Guy de Maupassant s Le Horla, the author presents vision as definitive and universal proof and stresses the importance of seeing as well as the act of showing gore. As a society, we are routinely told Ã¢â¬Ëseeing is believing in the wake of any paranormal or supernatural phenomena, placing weight on the tangible. However, as science and technologyRead More Film Adaptation of SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ Oedipus Rex Essay971 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Ã¢â¬Å"You are your own enemyÃ¢â¬ (Guthrie, Oedipus Rex, 22:43). In the film adaptation of SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"Oedipus RexÃ¢â¬ (1957), Sir Tyrone Guthrie portrays the characters as truth seekers that are ignorant when trying to find King LaiusÃ¢â¬â¢ murderer. On the other hand, Sigmund FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s hypothesis of SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ work introduces us to Ã¢â¬Å"The Oedipus ComplexÃ¢â¬ (1899) which states that as weÃ¢â¬â¢re young we grow infatuated with our opposite sex parent and feel resentment towards our same-sex parent. These two pieces have adaptedRead MoreSurrealism In Un Chien Andalou1157 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswhich are almost completely exempt from reason, aesthetic and moral concern. I shall, therefore, for the purpose of this essay, analyse the ways in which Luis BuÃ ±uel and Salvador DalÃ managed to express the Ã¢â¬Ëtrue functioning of the mindÃ¢â¬â¢ in their film Un Chien Andalou, a representation of the nature of dreams, according to BretonÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of Surrealism. In Manifeste du surrÃ ©alisme, Breton gives the following as his definition of Surrealism: Ã¢â¬Å"Automatisme psychique pur, par lequel on se proposeRead MorePatrick Bateman in American Psycho - A Freudian Analysis1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesappeared to enjoy killing women in particular including one that he seemed genuinely affectionate for. Throughout the film, Patrick kills over 20 people. Many times he could not tell whether or not the events were real or simply a part of a psychotic delusion brought on by his problems. His character revealed the inner goings on in his mind by narrating these thoughts throughout the film. Patrick acknowledged that what he was doing was wrong. He noted that he had been depersonalized and that he had lost